What is Data Independence?

Data Independence means that "the application is independent of the storage structure and access strategy of data". In other words, the ability to modify the schemas definition in one level should not affect the schema definition in the next higher level.

Two types of Data Independence:

Physical Data Independence
Modification in physical level should not affect the logical level.
Logical Data Independence
Modification in logical level should affect the view level.

NOTE:

Logical Data Independence is more difficult to achieve.

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