As of 2001 India census, Tirukkoyilur had a population of 1,27,108. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Tirukkoyilur has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 73%. In Tirukkoyilur, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Lord Vishnu in the name Thiruvikkrama Swamy & Pushpavalli/Vedavalli Thaayaar (Vaamana Avathaaram) temple is located in the center of the town. Town evolves around the temple. This temple comes under 108 Divya Desams. East of the town has the Sivan Temple situated on the banks of River Thenpennai. Near to the temple, middle of the river, there exists Kabilar(Poet) Kundru (hillock). Tirukoilur is a place of historic importance. King Malayaman, who is famous for his war and administrative skills ruled from here. “Valla1” Pari(Vallal – patron king, Pari is one of the 7 patron kings who supported “poets” and scholars. They are famous for their charitable activities.) daughters Angavai and Sangavai were married to Malayaman’s son Deivegan and the marriage ceremony took place in a place called “Manam Poondi”(manam – wedding, poondi – lock/bond; place where the wedlock happened).
The famous chola king Raja Raja Chola was born in Thirukoilur, as Arulmozhivarman, the third child of Parantaka Sundara Chola and Vanavan Maha Devi of the Malayaman dynasty. Tirukoilur, is a place where not only Vaishnavites(Worshipper’s of Lord Vishnu) and Shivites( Worshipper’s of lord Shiva) co-existed with peace and harmony, knowing that Hari and Shiva are the different forms of same almighty. Tirukoilur is one of the “Ashta Veeratanams” [Ashta – eight Veeratanam – Place of Bravery].
Lord Shiva took various forms(incarnations) to destroy evil and establish justice, of which eight Avatars(forms) are very famous and Tirukoilur is one among the places where these Avatars emerged. Ambal (meaning Mother) [better half of lord Shiva],is called as “Brahan nayaki” [Brahan – universe Nayaki – Leader/Queen]. She is called the Queen of the Universe/ Mother of all beings in the Universe. Lord Shiva’s temple has a separate sannadhi[sacred room] for Lord Ganesha, which has historical and epic importance. Here is the place where “Avvaiyar”[Tamil Poet – Tamil king’s court had many Women Poets, Ministers and Warriors] got the blessings of Ganesha and wrote the famous verse “VINAYAGAR AGAVAL”, which has wonderful Yoga Techniques and has lot of Meta-Physics in it. Tirukoilur had scholars in all fields of Science and Arts and has an important place in South Indian History. Some fotos on Tirukoilur Temples: Tirukoilur is also a very regarded place for madhwas (followers of Dvaitha philosophy of Sri Madhwacharya). Manampoondi is a small village located between Tiruvanamalai and Tirukoilur. Manampoondi is 36 km away from Tiruvannamalai. It is at a distance of 2 km from Tirukoilur. On the banks of River Thenpennai we can find the Moola brindavana of Sri Raghuutthama Teertha (1595 A.D) and Sri Satyapramoda Teertha (1997), very eminent pontiffs of Uttaradi Mutt of Madhwa lineage.
The tapovanam or Brindavanam of the great Hindu saint Gnanananda Giri is located on the banks of the river at Tirukovilur.